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Food For Life

Urban Ag Program Enlists Veterans

By Monica Rodriguez

Tucked away on a former avocado ranch in the hills of Escondido is a converted barn where students — many of them veterans — go through an intensive program that gives them the tools to become modern-day farmers.

The Sustainable Agriculture Training program (SAT) covers hydroponics, soil biology and green house management. In addition, the program emphasizes problem solving, leadership, and business plan development and implementation.

“Those kinds of things are essential for a small farm to be able to succeed,”says Steven Nuñez

Steven Nuñez

“Those kinds of things are essential for a small farm to be able to succeed,” says Steven Nuñez, a resident of Fort Worth, Texas, who served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 2001 to 2011 and finished the program in 2018.

The SAT program is the result of a partnership between Cal Poly Pomona and Archi’s Institute of Sustainable Agriculture.

The program is open to anyone interested, but it has drawn many veterans and members of the military on active duty preparing to return to civilian life. Service members have participated in the program, particularly members of the U.S. Marine Corps and those with ties to military installations in San Diego County.

From Avocados to Hydroponic Farming

The Sustainable Agriculture Training program was developed by Colin Archipley and his wife, Karen Archipley, who purchased the Escondido avocado ranch in 2006. Originally, the farming operation was just a hobby, according to Colin.

Karen moved onto the property while Colin was deployed in Iraq with the Marines.

“My first thing was to turn the water on for the trees,” she says.

The couple had been told their water bill would be about $50 a month but were shocked to see their first bill for $850.

“I always say that’s the moment we became a sustainable farm,” Karen says.

While in Iraq, Colin researched the business side of small farms, water management and other aspects of farming. Hydroponics was a farming method that seemed to have potential.

Upon Colin’s return home, he and Karen met with a hydroponics supplier in the area and the couple established a hydroponic farming operation called Archi’s Acres.

“I always say that’s the moment we became a sustainable farm,”Karen says.

Karen Archipley

Veteran working with basil

Working with
Veterans

When it first opened, the 6-acre farm initially worked with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs to establish a work therapy program. The hydroponic farm grows basil on 5 of its 6 acres, as well as other herbs and some produce.

“We came up with this training program as a way Colin could stay connected to other veterans here stateside,”Karen says.

Karen Archipley

“We came up with this training program as a way Colin could stay connected to other veterans here stateside,” Karen says. “Out of that selfish thought we get to be a part of people’s lives in the coolest way.”

When the Great Recession hit, the couple began to look for ways to provide more employment opportunities for veterans. They came up with the idea to establish an educational program in which veterans can learn about agriculture and business.

But in order to grow the program, they also needed to help students access financial aid to pay for the training.

The Future of
Agriculture

A handful of Cal Poly Pomona students have traveled to Escondido to take part in the SAT program, including Cal Poly Pomona alumna Sommarani Chan (’17, food and nutrition), who is currently a master’s student at CPP studying nutrition and food science.

Chan, a veteran who served in Afghanistan and in Panama, says the farm’s sustainable methods piqued her interest.

“Much of organic produce in California is being grown using sustainable methods,” she says. “I wanted to explore that.”

By the end of the course, Chan had tried her hand at sustainable farming and created a business plan for an edible mushroom business that can be carried out in limited space. The plan is on hold for now, but it’s something that she may put into action after she becomes professionally established.

Evans, whose College of Extended University administers the program, believes SAT has potential to expand.

“It definitely fits within the urban agriculture approach,” he says. “This is a program that could benefit many people and lead to more business opportunities.”

Replicating the SAT program would make it possible for more people interested in such a field to develop the necessary farming and business skills without having to travel to Escondido.

Karen Archipley says establishing a partnership with Cal Poly Pomona has been a positive move and hopes to expand it to other colleges and universities around the country, giving more veterans the opportunity to work in agriculture.

“Our partnership with Cal Poly Pomona means the world to us,” Karen says. “We feel like we found a home.”

“Our partnership with Cal Poly Pomona
means the world to us. We feel like we found a home.”
– Karen Archipley

Karen Archipley

Seeking an
old friend's
help

The couple reached out to their longtime friend, Professor Valerie Mellano, who chairs the plant science department at Cal Poly Pomona.

“They needed to be allied with a four-year agricultural university, and a partnership was a natural alliance for us,” says Mellano, who had also guest -lectured at Archi’s Acres.

The Archipleys and Cal Poly Pomona began working together in 2013 to improve and formalize the curriculum so that participants — both veterans and civilians — could receive 12 semester units that can count toward a college degree.

Thanks to the partnership, SAT students are eligible to apply for federal financial aid, such as GI Bill benefits. This type of support, along with intensive pace of the program, is especially valuable for student veterans, who may face challenges with time, finances, family obligations and even the transition to civilian life. These constraints make enrolling in a traditional university program difficult, according to Howard Evans, dean of Cal Poly Pomona’s College of the Extended University.

“SAT provides a direct path to a meaningful career in a relatively short six-week program. It results in 12 semester units that students could use in the future should they choose to pursue a full degree,” Evans says. “We are enamored with the program because of its life-changing ability.”

Some SAT participants have successfully entered into agreements with representatives of major grocery chains, Evans says.

Mellano notes that veterans seem to connect well with agriculture-related professions.

“There is just something about producing crops and food that seems to be a really good match with people who have formerly been in the military,” she says.

In addition, “the veterans come into the program and they are a little more mature, they know how to work really hard. They tend to be more organized. They tend to be very driven in regard to what they want to do.”

The American Horticulture Therapy Association has found that programs that use farming as part of rehabilitation, vocational training and career redirection can help veterans transition to civilian life.

Over the years, Archi’s Acres has drawn attention and recognition. In 2013 the Organic Trade Association recognized the Archipleys with the Rising Star Award. The following year, the program was honored as part of the Champions of Change: Veteran Entrepreneurs program by the Obama administration.